Srila BV Puri Maharaj Tour 1998
Report by Malati Devi
Invocation: Vande ham sri guru.....
Revered Devotees, to all of you, I offer my obeisances. I am fortunate to be here among the vaisnavas in the Vishva-vaisnava Raja-sabha and here this institution is Gauranga's Culture Centre established to teach the world about the philosophy of the Madhva-Gaudiya sampradaya The first thing, the first question is: "Who are you and who am I?" First we must understand this. This is the first question. This question was asked by Sanatana Goswami to Lord Gauranga at Benares. [ CC. Mad 20.102]
'ke ami,' 'kene amaya jare tapa-traya'
"Who am I? Why these three afflictions give me troubles always? gramya devahahe pandit ... apanare.... I may be an administrator because I was the prime minister of Hussain Shah, Bengal. I was a ruler. The Hussain Shah does not want to spare me, although I have requested him that I want to go away from the service and that he could employ some other person." He said, "No, no one else can be engaged; you are the the fittest person who is able to administer my country."
Now that administrator [Sanatan] was sent to jail because he wanted to resign. Hussain Shah did not accept his resignation and to escape imprisonment, Sanatan gave 7000 golden coins to the jailer to free him. Sanatan told the jailer, "If the Nabab inquires about me, you tell him that I went to the latrine and from that place, I fell into the river and floated away.
He left that place and walked straight to a mountain, which was the formed the boundary of the empire of this Hussain Shah, emperor. There he came across some people and Sanatana requested them to help him to cross the mountain in the night. Those people said, "Yes, yes, we will give you now rice, dal and a lot of vegetables. You cook, take food and in the night we will help you to cross this mountain."
Sanatana Goswami after cooking, took food and he began to think, "Why this unknown person is so charitable towards me? He never knew me. Why," he asked to Ishana, his servant. He asked Ishana, "Have you got any money with you." Then Ishana said, "Yes, I have got seven gold coins." Sanatana said, "These coins could have cost us our lives. Those people are so kind to us for one reason: only to take away the seven coins. Now give it."
So he took the seven coins and brought it to the leader and said, "Please take this, I have not one paisa with me, but my servant had seven coins. You please take this and help us to cross that mountain in the night." The man said, "It is our duty, if any traveller comes this way, we will give them food and in the night we ask them to take rest and we kill them and take away their valuables. That is our duty. But you have told the truth, so now I will never take that money, but I will help you."
Sanatan said, "No, no, If you will not take the money, someone else will help me - that means they will kill us. Better you take the money now from us. You take the money now." Then, he crossed the mountain. After crossing the mountain, he asked his servant, "Now have you got anything?" He said, "I have got one gold coin." Sanatana said: "Last night you did not inform me when I asked you if you had got 8 gold coins - you said, 'seven.'"
"Yes sir, if I would have said, 'eight,' then you would have given him
all the 8 coins and what will you eat? You are the prime minister you have to
travel for one month or more. Who will give you food to whom will you ask ?
For your service only I kept at least one gold coin. It is just a little help."
Sanatan told, "O very good, but this coin will never save me. I gave 7000
coins and came out of the jail. Do you think that this coin will help me? No.
you please take that coin and go to your village. I will go alone.
Then Chandrashekhar went to investigate and when he returned, said, "No, not a vaisnava, but a Mohamedan. He had a Mohamedan dress and beard and all of his dress is like a Mohamedan." But Mahaprabhu objected, "No, no. a vaisnava is there. It is only a Mohamedan sitting? No, no, you bring him." So he was brought in.
Chandrashekhar said, "Mahaprabhu calls you. When Mahaprabhu saw him, he embraced him and said, "How could you come out of the jail?" Then Sanatan narrated the whole story. He immediately asked Chandrasekhar to take him to barber and shave his head and change all his dress, to take him to bathe in the Ganga and give him new cloth to wear. So, it was done and after taking bath Sanatan came to Mahaprabhu and said, "You gave one cloth and I cannot take new clothes. I must take old used clothes. If you have used clothes you can give me. I shall tie them. Then he made into 4 pieces the clothes. Two pieces into kaupina and dora, tying one piece as a kaupini, one upper cloth, one covering the portion up to the knee.
This is known as babaj ves. Now the babajis in Gaudia sampradhya - they use this dress until today. But the first to wear this dress was Sanatana Goswami.
Mahaprabhu challenged, "Why do you accept this dress. Why do you not accept sannyas?" Sannyas is vaidika. From long, long ago, sannyasi dress is there. Babaji dress is similar to sannyas dress but it was not an approved dress.
Sanatana Goswami, out of renunciation, he said, "I must be happy if you
give me a used cloth. That cloth also not only one piece. It is because of renunciation
that he has this regard. He gave up all of his comforts. That is a symbol.
Srila Puri Maharaj conducting programs in Slovenia where he has a strong following
Now, Sanatana Goswami was wearing a culmble schall chadar that costs 100 rupies
(now it costs 500 or 1000 ) because someone had given it to him. He was wearing
that cloth and going for madukari. He would never take food at one place. Mahaprabhu
said he had walked such a long distance, "You give him food and nourish
him well." But Sanatan refused. He said, "No."
jivera 'svarupa' haya krsnera 'nitya-dasa
"So what is Krsna, jiva. What is jiva? You ask, "Who am I?" ke ami, "Who am I?"
I am a jiva. I am a soul and this soul is the margianl potency. What is that marginal potency? The margin created between water and the edge. When the river is high, then slowly the water level will fall down and when it falls down, the margin of the water level also falls down. So, this is marginal potency - jivas. The jivas cannot stay in one place; they are always moving up and down. The jivas are of two types: baddha jivas and mukta jivas. Mukta
jivas are those who are beyond maya - they never come under the influence of maya. They are delivered from the control of maya, They are called mukta jivas. They are not one or two. We are not able to count so many.
So also the baddha, those who are influenced by maya. They are called baddha jivas, those jivas are innumerable. The form of the jiva is explained. It is
balagra satta...........svarup, sruti
Now those jivas, those who came under the influence of maya, they can attain perfection and go beyond the margin. If the go beyond that margin, they never come back. This is bhurloka, bhuva, sa... maha, jana, tapa satya loka, seven lokas.
And by penance, by yoga or by fasting or by yajnas by all these things, all these sadhanas - practices - these will take the jivas to brahmaloka. Brahmaloka is Brahmas place. Braham lives there for hundred years and they will also live there for a hundred years. After a hundred years, they will come down again.
"O Arjuna, if one goes to that place. from that place he has to come down again." Then, abrahma....... if one attains me, Vaikuntha, he will never come back. He is amuktha until then - he is a baddha. Although he goes to seven planets, unless he goes to Vaikuntha, he will have to come back. If he reaches Vaikuntha, he will never come back.
Law of Gravity; Law of Relativity
Now, instead of this domain, he has the law of relativity. According to the law of relativity a heavy load, if it crosses the margin of mass and enters into space it will never come back - It will become light. The body, our body is like an air plane: if we cross this mass and limit and enter into the transcendental space, it will never come down and it will never survive unless oxygen is there. And oxygen, you know Narada - he is a space man, he can travel in space. We cannot travel unless there is oxygen. Without that oxygen, we will die, but we never fall back down. We will be there as a paper dry paper.
brahmanda brahmite kona bhgyavan jiva
"While we are travelling through innumerable births if we fortunately get a human body, we are blessed. Why? Because when we get a human body we may be fortunate enough to get the association of a sadhu, a Mukta purusa who is beyond maya [CC Madhya 19.151]
Guru-prasade bhakti-lata bija
Other people give you food to make you stay in this world, but vaishnavas give Mahaprasad to make them go beyond the influence of this world. Now people are sleeping. You see, our Prabhupada [Bhaktisiddhanta] had said, "If you have no sleep, you come to me. sit with me, I will make you sleep. You may pay 10000 Rupies for pills, sleeping pills, and intoxicants the doctor gives you. But ours is not that. We also give pills." This is Krishna tonic, "you will never sleep and never die. So that may be given. I will give you that." If we practice single-minded devotion, it has got three functions. The quantum of bhakti you practise, that quantum of detachment you will have and the quantum of understanding realisation you have. Those three go parallel: devotion, realisation and detachment. Detachment towards the material objects and attachments or realisation of the truth and bhakti. These three must go together. The Bhagavatam says. "If you eat food, then you will relish it, you will be happy, and your hunger will go away. And at the same time: if you have bhakti 50 % or lets say 20 % realisation will be there and 20 detachment towards non-devotional activities will be there. And a man who takes food, his hunger will go, he will not have more appetite, according to the food, he took, the appetite will go. And if the appetite is gone, then the second thing is that he will be happy in mind. Today I had a very good food and the third benefit is the quantity of improvement in the body - and also l will be there. When these three things are simultaneously present, then the food is correct. And if we do practice, but never we realise, o now I do have detachments. then our bhakti practice is no good. If you do bhakti, you can understand, If you eat food, you can understand whether or not your appetite has gone or is still there. You know. No other person must tell you, "Oh, today you had a very good food." You must say and that must be digested.
If you give food or eat food, you won't be happy immediately. When can you
be happy? When after taking food you must have your routine sleep and early
in the morning then you will say, "I am happy."